The Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) has a rich history of more than 75 years of research and science. Many current and historical facts can be found on their website, lanl.gov. The laboratory, which was called “site Y” of the Manhattan Project, was created in 1943. The Manhattan Project is famous because that was the code name given to the development of the atomic bomb during World War II. Rotter writes that the Project began as a race against the Germans. Because if the Germans built an atomic bomb first, the world would be destroyed.